The Inclusive Wealth Building Initiative is out with a study that provides a shocking picture of the US retirement landscape. “The Initiative, a project of The Economic Innovation Group, derived its data from various surveys, including the Census Bureau’s Survey of Income and Program Participation and the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ National Compensation Survey. The study also used the 2019 Current Population Survey’s Annual Social and Economic Supplement”, as the 2020 study may have been impacted by Covid-19 disruptions. The study found that ONLY 46% of workers had access to an employee-sponsored plan and worse, only 38% of those indicated that they are participating. These numbers are in stark contrast to other studies that I’ve seen. If accurate, this magnifies the retirement crisis that I’ve been fearing.
Not surprisingly, lower-waged American workers (those earning <$50,000) are participating to a far lesser extent. In fact, it is estimated that low-wage workers participate at a rate that is 6% lower than the average worker based on earnings, while being 25% lower than the top wage earners. As we’ve indicated before, it takes a certain level of income to be able to just live in the US and regrettably there are millions of American workers that fall below that level. The lack of discretionary income certainly prohibits most of these workers from funding a retirement program.
Some of the largest states by population, such as California and New York, have the lowest percentage of companies offering retirement benefits. In fact, the bottom 10 states in offering employer-sponsored plans to low-wage earners account for 43% of the country’s population, including CA, NY, FL, and TX. Every study that I’ve read highlights the fact that most Americans do not save outside of an employer-sponsored plan. The fact that <50% of Americans have access to a retirement plan is outrageous. The long-term implications are potentially quite severe, as many of these individuals will need support from the federal government’s social safety net. A pay-as-you-go system is far more costly than one that is pre-funded and built up over time through a proper retirement benefit. This reality is why we at Ryan ALM continue to fight to protect and preserve defined benefit (DB) plans for the masses, as DB plans are the best and least risky retirement vehicle.
Asking untrained participants to fund, manage, and then disburse a retirement benefit is poor policy that will lead to tragic outcomes. We are not prepared as a country to meet the challenges that this reality will create. I’m dismayed by the results of this study and you should be, too.
70% of baby boomers — 55 million people — have saved less than $300,000. But the good news is that thanks to Social Security they can live a reasonably good life in the USA. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gzCrixwdx38
Hi Ron – Thanks for your comment. However, the average SS annual payout is <$17,000. Where in the country can you live on that sum of money? The average property tax in NJ is about $12,000.
Hi Russ. You hit on the biggest expense — housing. Rents is some areas, like Arkansas are very low, plus roomates can share expenses. On our show, we talk to a boomer who has been living on Social Security for the past decade.
Everyone can’t or doesn’t want to live in Arkansas. Lifelong residents of northeast states shouldn’t be forced from their homes because of affordability. The preservation of DB plans would eliminate the need to live exclusively on SS.
Well I guess someone who has saved very little could try to live in the NE, or anywhere else, bemoaning the fact that they don’t have a DB plan. Tent city?
200% of poverty: More than 15 million people ages 65 and older (30.1%) have incomes below 200% of the official poverty threshold ($23,512 in 2017), but this number increases to 21.4 million (42.0%)—6.0 million more—under 200% of the SPM poverty thresholds. I would think that we want our older Americans to remain active in our community demanding goods and services. With these poverty rates, that doesn’t seem possible.